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The Travel Well Guide
City: N/A State: Sikkim Country: India
The modern history of Sikkim begins from 1642 A.D. with the coronation of Phuntsog Namgyal as the first Chogyal or king of Sikkim in a tranquil pine covered hill in Yuksom Norbugang in West Sikkim. Sikkim is one of the smallest states in India. The state is legendary for its peaceful nature and simplicity. Famous for Kanchenjunga, the third highest mountain in the world at 8586m, the mountain state of Sikkim offers tremendous variety of plant and wildlife besides a diverse ethnic mix of people with rich cultural tradition. It is rich with wide variety of flora and fauna. The thumb-shaped state of Sikkim is characterised by wholly mountainous terrain.The summit of the Kangchenjunga is the highest point. For the most part, the land is unfit for agriculture because of the precipitous and rocky slopes. However, certain hill slopes have been converted into farm lands using terrace farming techniques. Numerous snow-fed streams in Sikkim have carved out river valleys in the west and south of the state. The state has twenty-eight mountain peaks, twenty-one glaciers 227 high-altitude lakes, including the Tsongmo Lake, Gurudongmar and Khecheopalri Lakes, five hot springs, and over 100 rivers and streams. Eight mountain passes connect the state to Bhutan ,Nepal & Tibet .
Climate | When to Visit
The climate varies with elevation and ranges from tropical in the low valley bottoms to Arctic-like conditions of perpetual snow and ice in the higher reaches. The annual rainfall varies from 50-200 inches, mostly during May-October months, and snow in the upper levels often accumulates to a thickness of 30m. The best time to visit this state is during the months of March to late May and from October to December.
Visit during: March to May
Directions | How to Reach
By Air: The nearest Airport is Bagdogra (near Siliguri) in West Bengal, because it does not have any own airport . Bagdogra is connected with regular flights from Kolkata (Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport). Daily flights are available to Kolkata from New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and all other major cities of India.By Rail: New Jalpaigur is the nearest Railway Station near Siliguri Town, 117 kms from Gangtok. Overnight trains are available from Kolkata which reaches New Jalpaiguri Station in the morning.By Road: It has a good network of roads. Darjeeling, Kalimpong and Siliguri are directly connected to Gangtok and other cities of the state. Taxis are available from New Jalpaiguri Station: charges are INR 100 per person. From Siliguri Buses and Taxis are available at the following points:Buses - SNT(Sikkim National Transport) Bus Terminus, Near Tenzing Norgay Bus Terminus.