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The Travel Well Guide
City: Naples State: N/A Country: Italy
Mount Vesuvius is an stratovolcano east of Naples, Italy. It is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years, although it is not currently erupting. Mount Vesuvius is on the coast of the Bay of Naples, about nine kilometres (six miles) east of Naples and a short distance from the shore. It is conspicuous in the beautiful landscape presented by that bay, when seen from the sea, with Naples in the foreground.Vesuvius is most famous for the eruption of 79 AD, which caused the total destruction of the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum. It has erupted more than 50 times since then, most recently in 1944, and is one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world. Although there is no indication that it will erupt in the immediate future, it is inevitable that one day it will wreak havoc again. The volcano is around 13,000 years old and countless eruptions have given the summit a distinctive "humpbacked" shape of a cone within a cone. The present summit is 1,282 m (4,202 ft) high and is almost completely encircled by the steep rim of a caldera at 1,133 m (3,716 ft), created out of the earlier collapse of a much higher summit.Apart from the lava scars running down its sides, the mountain is green and fertile, its lower slopes covered in vineyards. The surrounding area is a National Park with a network of paths, as well as a road that takes you to within 200 m (650 ft) of the summit. You can explore historic Pompeii - a town frozen in time. The buildings and inhabitants were perfectly preserved under 10 m (30 ft) of lava, buried and forgotten for nearly 1,600 years. The town was uncovered again during rebuilding work after a devastating eruption in 1631, but it was not until 1748 that archaeologists started to excavate it systematically.
Climate | When to Visit
Visit during: January to December
Directions | How to Reach
Take the Circumvesuviana railway or bus to Ercolano Scavi station in Herculaneum or the Pompei Scavi station. The bus goes only around twice a day from Herculaneum. It goes more often from Pompeii.twsebhnt.