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The Travel Well Guide
Rio De Janeiro
City: N/A State: Rio de Janeiro Country: Brazil
Rio de Janeiro ("River of January"), is the second largest city of Brazil and South America. It is the state capital of Rio de Janeiro. The city was the capital of Brazil for nearly two centuries, from 1763 to 1822 during the Portuguese colonial era, and from 1822 to 1960 as an independent nation. It is also the former capital of the Portuguese Empire (1808 - 1821). Commonly known as just Rio, the city is also nicknamed A Cidade Maravilhosa, or "The Marvelous City". Rio de Janeiro is famous for its natural settings, its Carnival celebrations, samba and other music, and hotel-lined tourist beaches, such as Copacabana and Ipanema. Some of the most famous landmarks in addition to the beaches include the giant statue of Jesus, known as Christ the Redeemer ('Cristo Redentor') atop Corcovado mountain, named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World; Sugarloaf mountain with its cable car; the Sambódromo, a giant permanent parade stand used during Carnival and Maracanã stadium, one of the world's largest football stadiums. The Centro (downtown) area is the historic centre, and this is where the most old buildings survive and where the majority of the museums and historical attractions lie. The South Zone is home to the Atlantic beaches. Copacabana is the site of Rio's biggest New Year's Eve party and fireworks spectacular. The North Zone has the lovely Quinta da Boa Vista park, with the former Imperial Palace, which is now The Museum of Archaeology, Ethnology and Natural History. Other open spaces iincludethe botanical garden, the Passeio Publico and the Parque Lage. Not only is the landscape around the city beautiful, but within the city limits are two of the largest urban rainforests in the world. Unusually for a city, there are also opportunities for both rock climbing and hang gliding. Of course, the most famous thing about Rio is its carnival in the two weeks leading up to Mardi Gras, when the members of the samba schools outdo each other in the extraordinary costmes they wear and how much noise they can make. During the rest of the year, the nightlife is equally special, with clubs that attract the world's rich and famous.If adrenaline-filled fun, set against a background of samba music, is for you then Rio is the only place to go.
Climate | When to Visit
Spring and Autumn is the best time to visit Rio.
Visit during: September to November
Directions | How to Reach
By Air:Most flights depart from Aeroporto Galeão (also called Aeroporto António Carlos Jobim), 15km north of the center. The airport connects Rio de Janeiro with many Brazilian cities and also operates several international flights. Some flights to/from São Paulo and other nearby cities use Aeroporto Santos Dumont, in the city center.By Bus:Buses leave from the Rodoviária Novo Rio, about 2km northwest of Centro. Several buses depart daily to most major destinations. In addition, buses leave Novo Rio every 30 minutes or so for São Paulo operated by Viação and Itapemirim.
miscellaneous | Important Information
Don't Miss:The cablecar ride to the top of Sugarloaf Mountain. The sunset from Ipanema or Sugarloaf. Taking the tram ride across the old aqueduct of the Arcos da Lapa.