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Khartoum

City: Khartoum       State: N/A       Country: Sudan
 Khartoum is the capital of Sudan and of Khartoum State. It is located at the confluence point of the White Nile flowing north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile flowing west from Ethiopia. The location where the two Niles meet is known as "al-Mogran". The main Nile continues to flow north towards Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea.Divided by the Niles, Khartoum is a tripartite metropolis with an estimated overall population of over a million people consisting of Khartoum proper, and linked by bridges Khartoum North called (al-Khartum Bahri) and Omdurman (Umm Durman) to the west. Khartoum, the capital of Sudan, is beautifully situated at the convergence of the Blue Nile, which flows west from Ethiopia, and the White Nile, which flows north from Uganda. This is where the two rivers join forces and make their way up to the Mediterranean. The shape they form resembles an elephant's trunk - 'al-Khartum' in Arabic. Greater Khartoum includes the areas of North Khartoum across the Blue Nile and Omdurman across the White Nile.Founded by Muhammad Ali of Egypt, as an army outpost in 1821, Khartoum developed as a regional trading centre, becoming prosperous through the slave trade. European explorers based themselves here while organizing expeditions into the interior. However, this era of peaceful expansion ended in 1884 when the Mahdi's troops besieged the town for many months, a battle which ended in General Gordon's death and the massacre of the English and Egyptian forces. Re-taken by Lord Kitchener in 1898. the city was rebuilt to the design of the Union Jack flag, and the city center stains a colonial aspect to this day.In the recent past Khartoum has received an enormous number sf refugees fleeing neighboring nations during times of conflict, and the shanty towns of the outlying areas have grown exponentially. This slow-moving city is undergoing badly needed redevelopment snd several huge projects are underway. Meanwhile, it's a pleasant E lace to explore - the National Museum contains wonderful antiquities from Nubian times as well as two reconstructeI araonic temples, built by Queen Hatshepsut and Tuthmosis III. If you are interested in the present rather than the past, visit the largest market in the country at Omdurman, itself a traditional.Tourist places:-New architecture , See the fossil trees , The National Museum  , Gaddafi's Egg , The University of Khartoum , World War Cemetery  , The big mosque ,  Tailors , Tuti Island, The Khartoum International Fair.

Climate | When to Visit

Visit during: March to November

Directions | How to Reach

By Air:-Khartoum is home to the largest airport in Sudan, Khartoum International Airport. It is the main hub for Sudan Airways, Sudan's main carrier. The airport was built at the southern edge of the city; but with Khartoum's rapid growth and consequent urban sprawl, the airport is now located in the heart of the city. A new international airport is currently being built in the city of Omdurman.[citation needed] It will replace the current airport in Khartoum as Sudan's main airport followed by Juba Airport and Port Sudan Airport.By Rail:-.Khartoum has rail lines from Egypt, Port Sudan and El Obeid. Some renewing may take place at the trains machinery and cabinets by an Italian companyBy Road:- There are no boat services along the Nile to destinations outside Khartoum. .

miscellaneous | Important Information

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