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The Travel Well Guide
City: Brno State: N/A Country: Czech Republic
Brno is a major city of the Moravia region in the Czech Republic. It is the largest city in South Moravia, the second largest city in the Czech Republic by population and the third largest city by area. Brno is a city with a definite cosmopolitan flavour and its lengthy and rather grand boulevards at times offer a distinctive Parisian atmosphere.The city`s skyline is dominated by the Spilberk Castle where an early-Gothic palace with two chapels is still standing. Later on, the castle was converted into a baroque fortress, and in the 19th century, it became known as the infamous "Jail of Nations".Brno is also a major center of modern architecture. German architect Mies van der Rohe`s 1929 villa Tugendhat (UNESCO) is an outstanding example of functionalist architecture and a milestone in the development of modern architecture worldwide. Among other modernist landmarks is the Brno Exhibition Center, whose set of buildings (built over the period of forty years, from 1930s to 1960s) makes up a harmonious whole; over 50 fairs and exhibitions take place here annually. Few landmarks in the Czech Republic come more impressive than the brooding fortress that is Spilberk Castle, and the gigantic 14th-century Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul. For the very best views of Brno and Denisovy Sady Park, you can even climb the tower of the cathedral.Museums are commonplace in Brno and cover many topics, with information about the Moravia region, the Romany gypsy culture, genetics, technology and even medieval prison life within Spilberk Castle. There is also much in the way of art galleries, with the Moravian Gallery comprising no less than three branches - at the Mistodrzitelsky Palace, Prazakuv Palace and also at the Applied Arts Museum.The view from the 63-m (207-ft) high tower (built 1240) of the Old Town Hall (from 1373 -1935). The torture chamber of Spilberk Castle, on the hill overlooking Brno. Svobody Namesti (Freedom Square), Brno's medieval heart, with its Plague Column and intriguing buildings, like the Renaissance House of the Lords of Jupa (1589-96). The twin spires and original 12th century crypt of the neo-Gothic Cathedral of St Peter and St Paul (aka the Petrov) - its current form is the latest of several over nine centuries. The Museum in former Dietrichstein Palace (1614-20), on ZelnyTrh, (Cabbage Market), used by Russian General Kutuzov in 1805 when meeting Napoleon. Menin Gate (c. 1500) the only remaining piece of Brno's fortifications.
Climate | When to Visit
Visit during: March to October
Directions | How to Reach
By trainFrom Vienna (Austria - 156 km), Prague (Praha - 250 km), Ostrava (172 km), Bratislava (Slovakia - 140 km) and also from number of smaller local towns as Ceská Trebová and Jihlava. The Brno Central Station is located close to (10min walk) the center of town Brno is an important stop on the Prague to Vienna / Bratislava railway line; all Eurocity and Intercity expresses stop here.By coachThere are coach services from various European destinations including Prague. By airThere's an international airport at Brno-Turany with regular international services to Barcelona-, London-, Moscow-Vnukovo and domestic service to Prague.